How to Grow Crowder Peas: Tips for a Bountiful Harvest

How To Grow Crowder Peas
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If you’re looking for a delicious and nutritious addition to your garden, crowder peas are an excellent choice. These legumes are packed with protein, fiber, and a variety of essential vitamins and minerals. Plus, they’re easy to grow and maintain, making them an ideal crop for beginners and experienced gardeners alike.


Planting crowder peas in a raised garden bed ensures adequate drainage and promotes healthy growth.
Planting crowder peas in a raised garden bed ensures adequate drainage and promotes healthy growth.

Crowder peas are a type of Southern pea that originated in West Africa. They’re known for their distinctive flavor and are often used in traditional Southern dishes like Hoppin’ John and black-eyed pea soup. In addition to their delicious taste, crowder peas offer a range of health benefits. They’re high in protein, fiber, and iron, making them an excellent choice for vegetarians and vegans. They’re also low in fat and calories, making them an ideal food for weight loss and management.

Why Grow Crowder Peas?

The beautiful blooms of a crowder pea plant signal the start of a bountiful harvest.
The beautiful blooms of a crowder pea plant signal the start of a bountiful harvest.

Growing your own crowder peas is a great way to ensure that you’re getting fresh, nutritious produce without any harmful chemicals or additives. Plus, it’s a fun and rewarding hobby that can help you save money on groceries. Crowder peas are relatively easy to grow and require minimal care, making them an ideal crop for busy individuals who don’t have a lot of time to devote to gardening. With the right preparation and technique, you can grow a bountiful harvest of delicious, healthy crowder peas in your own backyard.

Preparing to Plant Crowder Peas

There's nothing quite like the taste of fresh, homegrown crowder peas.
There’s nothing quite like the taste of fresh, homegrown crowder peas.

If you’re ready to grow your own crowder peas, the first step is to prepare your garden bed. Here are some important factors to consider before you start planting:

Choosing the Right Variety of Crowder Peas

There are many different varieties of crowder peas to choose from, each with its own unique flavor and texture. Some popular varieties include the Mississippi Silver, Zipper Cream, and Knuckle Purple Hull. When selecting a variety, consider your personal taste preferences and the climate in your area.

Soil Preparation

Crowder peas thrive in well-drained soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.0. Before planting, test your soil to determine its nutrient content and pH level. If necessary, add compost or other organic matter to improve soil fertility. It’s also a good idea to till the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches to ensure that the roots have plenty of room to grow.

Sunlight Requirements

Crowder peas require full sun to grow and produce a bountiful harvest. Choose a garden bed that receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day.

Watering and Drainage

Crowder peas require consistently moist soil to grow, but it’s important to avoid overwatering, which can lead to root rot. Make sure your garden bed has good drainage and water your plants regularly, keeping the soil moist but not waterlogged. A layer of mulch can help retain moisture and regulate soil temperature.

Planting Crowder Peas

One of the keys to growing a successful crop of crowder peas is proper planting. Here are some tips to help you get started:

When to Plant Crowder Peas

Crowder peas thrive in warm weather, so it’s best to plant them after the danger of frost has passed. The ideal time to plant crowder peas is in the spring, once the soil has warmed up to at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit. In most regions, this will be sometime between late April and early June.

Planting Techniques

Crowder peas can be planted either directly in the ground or in containers. If you’re planting directly in the ground, make sure to choose a spot with well-draining soil and full sun. If your soil is heavy or clay-like, you may need to amend it with compost or sand to improve drainage.

To plant crowder peas, simply make a small hole in the soil with your finger or a trowel and drop in a seed. Cover the seed with soil and gently firm the soil around it. Space the seeds at least 2-3 inches apart to give the plants room to grow.

Spacing and Depth

Crowder peas should be planted about 1 inch deep in the soil. If you’re planting in rows, space the rows about 2-3 feet apart to allow for easy access between them. Within the rows, space the plants about 6-8 inches apart.


Crowder peas don’t require a lot of fertilizer, but they do benefit from a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer when they’re first planted. You can also side-dress the plants with additional fertilizer about 3-4 weeks after planting, if desired. Be careful not to over-fertilize, as this can cause the plants to produce too much foliage and fewer peas.

Caring for Crowder Peas

Growing crowder peas requires a bit of maintenance, but with the right care, you can ensure a healthy and vibrant crop. Here are some tips for caring for your crowder peas:

Watering and Irrigation

Crowder peas need consistent moisture to grow properly. Be sure to water them regularly, especially during dry periods. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot and other issues. A good rule of thumb is to water deeply once a week, or more often if the weather is particularly hot and dry.


Mulching is an essential part of caring for your crowder peas. A layer of organic mulch, such as straw or leaves, can help retain moisture in the soil and prevent weed growth. It also helps regulate soil temperature and provides nutrients as it breaks down over time. Apply a layer of mulch around your plants, being careful not to cover the stems or leaves.


Weeds can be a major problem for crowder peas, as they compete for nutrients and water in the soil. Regular weeding is necessary to keep your plants healthy and thriving. Be sure to remove any weeds as soon as you see them, being careful not to disturb the roots of your crowder peas.

Pest and Disease Control

Crowder peas can be susceptible to a variety of pests and diseases, including aphids, spider mites, and fungal infections. To prevent these issues, be sure to inspect your plants regularly and take action as needed. You can use organic pest control methods, such as neem oil or insecticidal soap, to control pests. If you notice any signs of disease, such as yellowing leaves or black spots, remove the affected plants immediately to prevent the spread of infection.

Harvesting Crowder Peas

Once your crowder peas have matured, it’s time to harvest them. Harvesting at the right time is crucial to ensure that your peas are tender, flavorful, and at their peak of ripeness. Here are some tips for harvesting crowder peas:

When to Harvest Crowder Peas

Crowder peas are ready to harvest when the pods are plump and firm to the touch. You can also tell that they’re ready by checking the color of the pods. When the pods have turned brown and dry, the peas are past their prime and may become tough and mealy.

Harvesting Techniques

To harvest your crowder peas, gently pull the pods off the plant with your hands. Be careful not to damage the plant or the surrounding peas. Alternatively, you can use gardening shears to cut the pods off at the stem.

When harvesting, it’s important to pick the peas regularly to encourage further growth and production. Leaving mature pods on the plant can cause the plant to stop producing and reduce the overall yield.

Storing Crowder Peas

After harvesting, it’s important to store your crowder peas properly to ensure that they stay fresh and flavorful. Remove the peas from the pods and rinse them in cool water. Then, dry them thoroughly and store them in an airtight container in the refrigerator. Cooked crowder peas can also be stored in the freezer for up to six months.

By following these tips for harvesting crowder peas, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious and nutritious legumes all season long.


In conclusion, growing crowder peas is a fun, easy, and rewarding activity that can provide you with fresh, nutritious produce for months to come. With the right preparation, planting, and care, you can grow a bountiful harvest of delicious, healthy crowder peas in your own backyard. Plus, you’ll be able to enjoy the many health benefits that these legumes provide, including high levels of protein, fiber, and essential vitamins and minerals.

If you’re interested in growing crowder peas, be sure to choose the right variety for your needs and prepare your soil properly. Plant your seeds at the right time of year, and be sure to space them correctly and provide them with adequate water and nutrients. With a little bit of care and patience, you’ll be able to enjoy a delicious crop of crowder peas that you can use in a variety of recipes.

For more information on the benefits of crowder peas, as well as tips and tricks for growing them successfully, be sure to visit We’re dedicated to helping individuals of all skill levels learn how to grow and maintain healthy, delicious produce in their own backyards.